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How can we fight and stop corruption?


Legislations and prosecutions do not grant success in combating corruption. Success requires preventative measures and mechanisms. Moreover, an advanced Authority is required for exposing and fighting corruption. Even though corruption is already criminalized by several laws, corruption cannot be combated by disconnected bodies. As a result, it was necessary to establish Kuwait Anti-Corruption Authority, which is an independent Authority that aims to combat and prevent corruption through a comprehensive national strategy. The strategy is based on:

Enhancing the capabilities of Kuwait Anti-Corruption Authority: NAZAHA must be granted with the necessary abilities for achieving its goals successfully. It requires a trained staff, code of conduct, and guidelines for complaints, investigation procedures, whistleblower protection, and methods of acquiring information. Finally, the legal legislations governing NAZAHA must be developed continuously.

Corruption prevention: It is important to develop programs for preventing corruption. These programs can protect society, avert corruption's malice, and safeguard State funds. In implementing preventative measures, field studies should be conducted to identify areas prone to corruption. Legislations and procedures that hinder the general flow of work must be identified and amended. Entities should be obliged to develop administrative manuals for their services and the conditions thereof. Studies must be conducted for entities with unique nature and services that are vulnerable to corruption. These entities must be monitored, and mechanisms for communication must be established with them.

Coordination, training, and public awareness: Combating corruption cannot be achieved without training, education, and raising awareness of the harmful effects of corruption on political, economic, and social development. In order to achieve this goal, it is important to evaluate NAZAHA's training needs and develop them accordingly. Also, it is essential to develop a strategy that revolves around the audience. It must educate them about the dangers of corruption, how to combat it, and their responsibilities.

Law enforcement: Crime must be stopped, and perpetrators must be prosecuted. They must be prevented from benefiting from the proceeds of crime.  They must be prevented from committing crimes in the future. These goals can be achieved through constant revision of relevant legislations. In addition, procedures of asset seizure and confiscation must be simplified; and, advanced investigation techniques must be implemented.

Joining anticorruption efforts: The success of combating corruption requires cooperation between governmental bodies, civil society organizations, and the public. Joined committees between the aforesaid are necessary. Relevant bodies are required to develop their anticorruption policies, enhance monitoring policies, and learn from local and international experiences.

International cooperation: Cooperation and coordination with regional and international bodies is essential for developing anticorruption measures. This facilitates establishing regional networks and exchanging experiences. Moreover, it is important to implement the United Nations Convention against Corruption in the fields of extradition, mutual legal assistance, information exchange, and holding conferences. Additionally, revision of Kuwaiti legislation is necessary to review its compliance with international anti-corruption conventions.